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Eino Leino (1878-1926) - originally Eino Armas Leopold Lönnbohm

 

Poet, novelist, playwright, and journalist, the most important developer of Finnish-language poetry at the turn of the 20th century. In his work, Leino combined the archaic and mythic tradition, symbolism, and influences from Friedrich Nietzsche with his romantic concept of the artist as a truth-seeking visionary. Leino's command of the language was outstanding, and he was the first Finnish translator of Dante. A bohemian from the beginning of his literary career, Leino become a well-known figure in the restaurants of the cultural elite of Helsinki. He is still probably the most cited poet in Finland.

"Short time's to us allotted till our urn.
Living, like furnace flames then let us burn,
High let us in the fire be ascending,
Earth stays below, the spirit's heavenward tending."

(from 'Hymn to Fire')

Eino Leino was born Armas Einar Leopold Lönnbohm in Paltamo, Hövelö, the son of Anders Lönnbohm, a surveyor, and Anna Emilia (Kyrenius) Lönnbohm, who came from a priest and an officer's family. He was the seventh and youngest son; there were ten children in all in the family. Leino's father, who was originally callled Mustonen, died in 1890 and his mother five years later. These losses were a deep blow to him, which he expressed in his poems in feelings of loneliness and as an orphan. He was educated in Kajaani, Oulu, and Hämeenlinna, graduating from Hämeenlinna Grammar School in 1895. At the age of sixteen Leino published a translation of a poem by Johan Ludvig Runeberg (1804-1877), the great Swedish language Finnish poet.

In 1895 Leino started his studies at the Imperial Aleksander University of Helsinki. He joined literary and newspaper circles and became a member of the Young Finnish circle. Among Leino's friends were the artist Pekka Halonen and Otto Manninen, who gained fame as a poet and translator. By the end of the century, Leino left the university without taking a degree. He worked as a journalist and critic on the newspapers Päivälehti (1899-1905) and Helsingin Sanomat (1905-14). His pseudonyms, 'Mikko Vilkastus' and 'Teemu', were from Aleksis Kivi's play Nummisuutarit. Between the years 1898 and 1899 he edited with his brother Kasimir Leino the magazine Nykyaika, and was heavily in debt after its bankruptcy. Also both Russian censorship and self-censorship threatened free expression – Russification of Finlad had started under governor general Nicholas Bobrikov, who was shot to death by Eugen Schauman in 1904. Later Leino planned to include Schauman in his collection of poems about great Finns.

When his marriage with Freya Schoultz and dreams of bourgeois life style neared an end in 1908, Leino went abroad and travelled in Berlin, Dresden, Münich, and Rome. Leino's close friend and companion during the turning point of his life was the poet L. Onerva, with whom he lived in Rome in 1908-09; at that time they both were still legally married. Leino had rented an apartment at Lungo Tevere Prat, where he continued with his translation of Dante's Divine Comedy. A memorial tablet was later placed on the wall of house where he stayed: "In questa casa negli anni 1908-1909 il grande poeta finlandese Eino Leino tradusse La Divina Commedia con amore inspirato alla universalita di Roma."

Leino attempted to revive Finnish theatre, and boldly attacked Kaarlo Bergbom, the founder of the Finnish Theatre. His major plays from the beginning of the century include Simo Hurtta I-II (1904-19), telling of an eighteen-century nobleman, Simo Affleck, nicknamed Hurtta, Lalli (1907), about the half-legenady pagan peasant, who killed according to legends Bishop Henrik, the first Christian missionary in Finland, and Maunu Tavast  (1908). From 1915 to 1918 Leino worked as an editor of the magazine Sunnuntai. Leino's liaison with the writer Aino Kallas from 1916 to 1919 created a new scandal – she was the wife of an Estonian diplomat.

At the outbreak of the Finnish Civil War (1917-18), Leino was in Helsinki, where he witnessed the battles with his small boozing circle. The reign of the Reds did not win Leino's sympathies; the women's battalion especially horrified the poet: "This was the first time I'd seen so many of them gathered together, and I have to confess, in the name of truth, I've never at any other time witnessed such human savagery, bestial frenzy, mental derangement and physical disfigurement." (transl. by Herbert Lomas, in Helsinki: a literary companion, 2000)

After the war Leino's idealistic faith for a national unity collapsed, and his influence as a journalist and polemic writer grew weaker. At the age of forty, he was granted a State writer's pension. Although publishing prolifically, he had financial problems and his health was giving way. Reportedly he lived during his last years alternately in a hotel, a hospital, and at friend's homes. "Life is always struggle with eternal forces," Leino wrote in a letter in 1925 to his friend Bertel Gripenberg: "Nous sommes pourtant nécessaires. Aussi malades. Mais c'est de la tristesse de la vie, qui pour nous est toujours un combat avec les forces étérnelles." Leino died at Riihiluhta in Nuppulinna, on January 10, 1926. "Well – Eino Leino – perhaps he was the only Finnish author who can really be called a genius," said Bertel Gripenberg. Leino was married three times, first to Thyra Freya Franzena Schoultz (1905-10), then to the harpist Aino Inez Kajanus (1913-1920), who was the daughter of the conductor Robert Kajanus, and for the third time to Hanna Laitinen (1921, died 1929). Freya Schoultz was a translator and commercial correspondent; Leino t enjoyed with her for a couple of years bourgeois life in a large seaside flat. Leino's only child, Eya Helka, came of this marriage.

Leino's first collection of poems, the light-hearted Maaliskuun lauluja, came out  in 1896, when he was eighteen-years old. Later he turned from the free style to the meter and style of folklore. Tuonelan joutsen (1896), a Neo-romantic verse play, combined symbolism and folk poetry. After a journey to Russia Karelia and falling in love with a "nature child", Anni Tiihonen, Leino wrote Sata ja yksi laulua(1898). He started the work in Berlin. It included one of his most beloved poems, 'Hymyilevä Apollo', originally part three of the larger poetic work entitled 'Hymni'. Reinhold Roine's (pseudonym R.R.) review of the book in the newspaper Uusi Suometar was hostile. Later Leino published his 'Hymn' in Tuulikannel (1919), but to this version he had made small changes. For decades, the poem was heard on New Year's Eve radio broadcasts. Another popular poem, the resignated 'Nocture', was first published in Talvi-yö (1905). "I have stopped chasing Jack-o'-Lantern, / I hold gold from the Demon's mountain; / around me life tightens its ring, / time stops, the vane has ceased to swing; / the road before me through the gloom / is leading to the unknown room."

Simo Hurtta, an epic poem, took its subject from the long war in the early 18th century between Russia and Sweden-Finland. Talvi-yö and Halla (1908), born in the years of political dissatisfaction, returned to the images of darkness, frost, and cold. Leino's personal crisis led the poet to abandon individual heroes and the theme of death – he focused on cosmic visions and legends. Leino's works, such as Painuva päivä (1914) and Elämän koreus(1916), still had high artistic values. His first and only screenplay, Kesä (1913), was written according to stories in one night – allegedly Leino had not seen any feature films.

After the Finnish Civil war Leino worked productively but on several occasions his efforts led to pathos and empty preaching. During this period there appeared Leirivalkeat (1917), Juhana Herttuan ja Catharina Jagellonican lauluja (1919), Ajatar (1920), Syreenien kukkiessa (1920), and  Shemeikan murhe (1924). Leino also wrote plays, essays, contemporary novels, animal fables, and translated into Finnish works from such authors as Racine, Runeberg, Schiller, Anatole France, J.W. von Goethe, Dante, Rabindranath Tagore, Dante (Divine Comedy, 1912-14), and Corneille. His oeuvre includes 32 books of poetry, 25 plays, 25 novels, and 16 translations.

Tell me, O Sun, what is that
Gives the greatest bliss to the singer?
"Do as I do, beam like me,
Giving's greatest bliss to the singer."

(from 'The Sun's Advice')

Having published several books of verse, Leino produced his major work, Helkavirsiä (1903-1916, Whit songs), a collection of narrative poetry composed in the trochaic meter. It was based on the Kalevala and folk poetry, and appeared in two collections. Several of the ballads present the past in heroic light, its characters are great visionaries, who challenge their fate or willingly yield to greater forces. "Täss' on mies tämän sukuinen, / kadu ei tehtyä tekoa / eikä taivasta tavota." (from 'Ylermi') The second volume of Whitsuntide songs is more resigned and more mystical than the first, and the symbolism is more obscure. "Uskoin ennen ihmisihin, / en nyt itke, en iloitse, / ohi käyvät onnet heidän, / onnettomuudetkin ohitse, / tiedän kyllä kylmyyteni, / en sitä sure, en kadu, / se on voitto taisteloiden, / tulos tappion tuhannen." (from 'Äijön virsi') Obsession with death marks some later pieces. Leino never wrote a third volume of Helkavirsiä, although the noted short story writer Aino Kallas in vain tried to persuade him to do so.

Leino's autobiographical books include Alla kasvon Kaikkivallan (1917), and Elämäni kuvakirja (1925). As an essayist Leino was one of the best of his time. In the unfinished series, Suomalaisia kirjailijoita (1909), he drew well-characterized portraits of Finnish authors. Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden historia  (1910) was a short but insightful history of Finnish literature. Leino also wrote about himself in the book and admits the influence of Goethe on his poetry. He praises Aleksis Kivi's novel The Seven Brothers, "Yhtä rohkea kuin kirjan sisällys on sen muoto, joka on sekoitus draamallisista, eepillisistä ja lyyrillisistä aineksista, kaikki kuitenkin yhtyneinä klassilliseksi kokonaisuudeksi." Although his general attitude is positive, one exception is Irmari Rantamala's (Maiju Lassila) large and shapeless novel Harhama (1909), which he dismisses as "tasteless". In his own prose works Leino's interest varied from large contemporary social, political, and ideological questions to intimate and allegorical subjects, of which Musti (1916), about the life and wisdom of a dog, become hugely popular.

Between 1911 and 1913 Leino produced his "slave" novels, Työn orja (1911, Slave of work), Rahan orja (1912, Slave of money), Naisen orja  (1913, slave of woman), and Onnen orja (1913, Slave of fortune). Although the protagonist's creativity is impressively displayed in the tetralogy in the areas of scholarly learning, business, literature, and love, which makes him an Nietzschean Übermensch, his idealism is eventually destroyed by the modern capitalist world, and he spends the rest of his life as a hermit in the mountains. Also Alkibiades, which Leino wrote in 1908, and Tarquinus Superbus, dealt with the theme of a "superman". However, Nietzsche's most faithfully follower at that time was Aarni Kouta, who translated Also sprach Zarathustra (1907), Der Antichrist (1908), and Dionysos (1909) into Finnish.

For further reading: Nalle ja Moppe: Eino Leinon ja L. Onervan elämä by Hannu Mäkelä (2003); 'Eino Leino (1878-1926)' by Marja Liisa Nevala, in 100 Faces from Finland, ed. by Ulpu Marjomaa (2000); Encyclopedia of World Literature in the 20th Century, Vol.3, ed. by Steven R. Serafin (1999); Mestari by Hannu Mäkelä (1995); Poliittinen Eino Leino by Yrjö Larmola (1990); Eino Leinon tie Paltamosta Roomaan by Teivas Oksala (1986); Eino Leino ja Italia by Peka Lilja (1985); Eino Leino ja Viro by Pekka Lilja (1981); Maan piiristä metafyysiseen by Aarre M. Peltonen (1975); Epic of the North by J.I. Kolehmainen (1973); A History of Finnish Literature by Jaakko Ahokas (1973); Mielikuvirn taistelu by Marja-Liisa Kunnas (1972); Studier i Eino Leinos kalevalaromantik by Sakari Vapaasalo (1961); Tuntemani Eino Leino by Aino Thauvón-Suits (1958); Eino Leino aikalaistensa silmin, ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen (1958); Voices from Finland, ed. by E. Tompuri (1947); Eino Leinon runoudesta by V. Tarkiainen (1954); Eino Leino by Olli Nuorto (1938); Eino Leino I-II by L. Onerva (1932) - See also: Aino Kallas, Viktor Rydbergin runoteoksessa Dexippos on Sibeliuksen säveltämä ja Eino Leinon suomentama 'Ateenalaisten laulu'. Hella Wuolijoki: Kummituksia ja kajavia. Muistelmia Eino Leinosta ja Gustaf Mattsonista (1947); Juhani Siljo: Eino Leino lyyrikkona (1912). Note: Eino Leino Award established in 1956. Film: Runoilija ja Muusa (1978), directed by Jaakko Pakkasvirta, starring Esko Salminen as Eino Leino and Elina Salo as L. Onerva. The film depicted Eino Leino's life and women in it.

ELEGIA
Haihtuvi nuoruus niinkuin vierivä virta.
Langat jo harmaat lyö elon kultainen pirta.
Turhaan, oi turhaa tartun ma hetkehen kiini,
riemua ei suo rattoisa seura, ei viini.
Häipyvät taakse tahtoni ylpeät päivät.
Henkeni hurmat ammoin jo jälkehen jäivät.
Notkosta nousin. Taasko on painua tieni?
Toivoni ainoo: tuskaton tuokio pieni.
Tiedän ma: rauha mulle on mullassa suotu.
Etsijän tielle ei lepo lempeä luotu,
pohjoinen puhuu, myrskyhyn aurinko vaipuu,
jää punajuova: kauneuden voimaton kaipuu.
Upposi mereen unteni kukkivat kunnaat.
Mies olen köyhä: kallit on laulujen lunnaat.
Kaikkeni annoin, hetken ma heilua jaksoin,
haavehen kullat mieleni murheella maksoin.
Uupunut olen, ah, sydänjuurihin saakka!
Liikaako lienee pantukin paatinen taakka?
Tai olen niitä, joilla on tahto, ei voima?
Voittoni tyhä, työn tulos tuntoni soima.
Siis oli suotta kestetyt, vaikeat vaivat,
katkotut kahleet, poltetut, rakkahat laivat?
Nytkö ma kaaduin, kun oli kaikkeni tarpeen?
Jähmetyn jääksi, kun meni haavani arpeen.
Toivoton taisto taivaan valtoja vastaan!
Kaikuvi kannel; lohduta laulu ei lastaan.
Hallatar haastaa, soi sävel sortuvin siivin.
Rotkoni rauhaan kuin peto kuoleva hiivin.

Selected works:

  • Maaliskuun lauluja, 1896
  • Tarina suuresta tammesta y.m. runoja, 1896
  • Yökehrääjä: runoja, 1897
  • Kivesjärviläiset: kuvauksia vuosisatamme keskivaiheilta, 1898
  • Sata ja yksi laulua, 1898
  • Tuonelan joutsen: näytelmäruno, 1898 - TV play 1978, prod. Yleisradio (YLE), dir. by Titta Karakorpi, starring Kristiina Halkola, Martti Kuningas, Vesa-Matti Loiri, Auli Poutiainen
  • Ajan aalloilta, 1898
  • Regina von Emmeritz: näytelmä viidessä näytöksessä / Zacharias Topelius, 1899 (translator)
  • Hiihtäjän virsiä, 1900
  • Johan Wilhelm: kolminäytöksinen näytelmä, 1900
  • Sota valosta: viisi-näytöksinen näytelmä, 1900
  • Pyhä kevät: runoja, 1901
  • Kypron prinsessa: 4-näytöksinen satunäytelmä  / Zacharias Topelius, 1901 (translator)
  • Kangastuksia: runoja, 1902
  • Mäster Garp, 1902
  • Suomalainen näyttämötaide, 1902
  • Helkavirsiä, 1903
  • Päiväperhoja: pieniä tarinoita, 1903
  • Kaunosielu: kuvaus, 1904
  • Simo Hurtta, 1904
  • Naamioita, 1905
  • Päivä Helsingissä: pilakuva, 1905
  • Talvi-yö: runoja, 1905
  • Tuomas Vitikka: romaani, 1906
  • Runokirja: valikoima tekijän laulurunoudesta, 1906
  • Jaana Rönty: romaani, 1907
  • Laukon lakko: selonteko sen vaiheista, 1907
  • Naamioita. 2 sarja, 1907
  • Turjan loihtu: näytelmäruno, 1907
  • Wilhelm Tell: viisinäytöksinen näytelmä / Friedrich von Schiller, 1907 (translator)
  • Phaidra: 5-näytöksinen runomittainen murhenäytelmä /Racine, 1907 (translator)
  • Halla: runoja, 1908
  • Olli Suurpää: romaani, 1908
  • Maailman kannel, 1908
  • Naamioita. 3 sarja, 1908
  • Unilaiva = Drömskeppet / Hjalmar Procope´, 1908 (translator)
  • Suomalaisia kirjailijoita: pikakuvia, 1909
  • Naamioita. 4 sarja, 1909
  • Nuori nainen, 1910 - Den unga kvinnan (övers. av Bertel Gripenberg, 1911)
  • Aurinko / Bertel Gripenberg, 1910 (translator)
  • Iphigeneia Tauriissa: viisi-näytöksinen näytelmä / Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 1910 (translator)
  • Kuningatar Hanhenjalan ravintola / Anatole France, 1910 (translator)
  • Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden historia, 1910
  • Kuolemattomuuden toivo, 1910
  • Ilotulitus: 3-näytöksinen näytelmä, 1911
  • Kirkon vihollinen: 3-näytöksinen näytelmä, 1911
  • Maan parhaat: 4-näytöksinen huvinäytelmä, 1911 - TV play 1963, prod. Suomen Televisio, dir. by Seppo Wallin, starring Toivo Mäkelä, Emma Väänänen, Matti Oravisto, Ville-Veikko Salminen, Liisi Tandefelt, Sakari Jurkka, Marita Nordberg, Kaarlo Juurela, Leo Jokela, Kirsti Ortola, Mai-Brit Heljo, Pentti Siimes, Pentti Irjala, Sasu Haapanen
  • Työn orja, 1911
  • Naamioita. Kuudes sarja, 1911
  • Jumalainen näytelmä 1-3 / Dante, 1912-14 (translator)
  • Tähtitarha: runoja, 1912 
  • Rahan orja: romaani, 1912
  • Naisen orja: romaani, 1913
  • Onnen orja: romaani, 1913
  • Kesä, 1913 (screenplay, film directed by Kaarlo Halme, starring Hilma Rantanen, Konrad Tallroth)
  • Puutarhuri: suorasanaisia runoelmia / Rabindranath Tagore, 1913 (translator)
  • Seikkailijatar: venäläinen kertomus, 1913
  • Mesikämmen: joulutarina vanhoille ja nuorille, 1914
  • Painuva päivä: runoja, 1914
  • Pankkiherroja: kuvaus nykyaikaisesta suomalaisesta liike-elämästä, 1914 - TV series 1993 (9 episodes), dir. by Sulevi Peltola, starring Matti Pellonpää, Lasse Pöysti, Voitto Nurmi, Ossi Ahlapuro, Erja Manto, Kaija Pakarinen
  • Paavo Kontio: lakitieteen tohtori: romaani, 1915
  • Elämän koreus: runoja, 1915
  • Helkavirsiä 1903-16 - Whitsongs (translated by Keith Bosley; introduction by Michael Branch, 1978) - Helkasånger (svensk tolkning av Th. Warburton, 1963)
  • Musti: eläintarina, 1916 - Musti (translated by John Desborough, 1986)
  • Alla kasvon Kaikkivallan: mystillinen trilogia: erään aikansa lapsen ajatuksia, tunnustuksia ja kaukonäkyjä, 1917 - Inför allmaktens anlete: en mystisk trilogi: tankar tänkta, bekännelser gjorda, fjärrsyner sedda av ett tidens barn (svensk tolkning av Nils-Börje Stormbom, 1991)
  • Karjalan kuningas: 4-näytöksinen runonäytelmä, 1917
  • Leirivalkeat: runoja, 1917
  • Cid: 5-näytöksinen näytelmä / Corneille, 1917 (translator)
  • Uhrilauluja / Rabindranath Tagore, 1917 (translator)
  • Helsingin valloitus: muistelmia ja vaikutelmia, 1918
  • Ahvenet ja kultakalat: tarina syvyyksistä, 1918
  • Vapauden kirja: runovalikoima, 1918
  • Vöyrin sotakoulu, 1918
  • Simo Hurtta I-II, 1904-19 - film 1940, prod. Jäger-Filmi, dir. by Roland af Hällström, screenplay Vilho Heinämies, starring Santeri Karilo, Aili Tikka, Hannes Veivo
  • Juhana Herttuan ja Catharina Jagellonican lauluja, 1919
  • Tuulikannel: mieterunoja 1-2, 1919
  • Punainen sankari: murroskauden kertomus, 1919 (2. p.)
  • Elina: murroskauden kertomus, 1919
  • Bellerophon: runotarina, 1919
  • Nuori nainen: neljä kertomusta, 1919
  • Lemmen lauluja: valikoima, 1919
  • Apotti Coignardin ajatuksia: poiminut hänen uskollinen oppilaansa Jacobus Paistinkääntäjä / Anatole France, 1920 (translator)
  • Syreenien kukkiessa: runoja, 1920
  • Ajatar: tietovirsiä, 1920
  • Kodin kukka ja uhrikuusi: runotarina, 1920
  • Vanha pappi: kertomaruno, 1921
  • Pajarin poika: karjalaisia kansantaruja, 1922
  • Puolan paanit: karjalaisia kansantaruja, 1922
  • Shemeikan murhe: uusia runoja, 1924
  • Elämäni kuvakirja: erään aikansa lapsen muistoja, mielialoja ja mietelmiä. 1. nide, 1925
  • Kolme lähti, kaksi palasi: tarina kieltolain Suomesta, 1926
  • Runoja, 1928
  • Kootut teokset 1-16, 1926-30
  • Maunu Tavast, 1930
  • Helkavirsiä: muistopainos, 1930
  • Lyriskt urval, 1931 (sammanställt och övers. av Elmer Diktonius)
  • Lalli, 1932 - TV play 1966, prod. Yleisradio (YLE), dir. by Matti Tapio, starring Ossi Kostia, Veikko Sinisalo, Sylvi Salonen, Salme Laaksonen, Lauri Komulainen
  • Tuomas-piispa, 1932
  • Tulkoon valkeus, 1934
  • Väinämöisen laulu, 1934
  • Valitut teokset, 1939-40
  • Elämän laulu: valikoima Eino Leinon runoja, 1947 (ed. by V. Tarkiainen)
  • Kirjokeppi: valikoima runoja alkuperäiskokoelmien ulkopuolelta, 1947  (ed. by Aarre Peltonen and Eino Kauppinen)
  • Rikos: tutkielma, 1949 (afterword by Aarre Peltonen)
  • Päivän kehrä: valitgut runot, 1953 (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen)
  • Eino Leinon kauneimmat runot, 1954 (ed. by Eino Kauppinen & Sirkka Rapola)
  • Tarquis Superbus, 1954
  • Valitut teokset: valikoima proosateoksia, 1957 (introduction by Vilho Suomi)
  • Eino Leinon runoutta, 1959
  • Hymyilevä Apollo ja Päivän poika: Kaksi runoelmaa, 1959
  • Kirjeet 2. Kirjeet L. Onervalle, 1960 (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen)
  • Pakinat . 1-2, 1960 (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen) 
    Kirjeet 1. Kirjeet Freya Schoultzille ja omaisille. 1961 (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen)
  • Kirjeet 3. Kirjeet taiteilijatovereille, arvostelijoille ja tutkijoille, 1961 (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen)
  • Runot. 1-4, 1961-62 (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen)
  • Kirjeet Aino Kallakselle, ystäville ja yhteisöille. Kirjeet 4, 1962 (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen)
  • Muistelmat, kulttuurikuvat, tunnustukset, 1, 1878-1901, 1965 (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen)
  • Joulu: kolminäytöksinen näytelmä: Kivesjärveläiset: lausuntaruno, 1966 - Julen: pjäs (övers. av Thomas Warburton, 1978)
  • Hymyilevä Apollo: valikoima Eino Leinon runotuotannosta, 1973
  • Elämän koreus: valikoima runoja, 1976 (ed. by Hannu Mäkelä)
  • Eino Leinon runot ja runosuomennokset Koottujen teosten ulkopuolelta 19151-1920, 1977
  • Maailmankirjailijoita: esseitä, arviointeja, arvosteluja kirjallisuuden ja näyttämötaiteen aloilta, 1978  (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen)
  • Sulle laulan...: valikoima Eino Leinon runoja, 1979 (ed. by Liisa Majapuro)
  • Die Hauptzüge der finnischen Literatur, 1979 (ed. by Manfred Peter Hein and Hans Peter Neureuter)
  • Pohjolan kirjailijoita: esseitä, arviointeja, arvosteluja kirjallisuuden ja näyttämötaiteen aloilta, 1979 (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen)
  • Elämän kirja: valikoima Leinon tuotannosta, 1980 (ed. by Hannu Mäkelä)
  • Laulu onnesta: valikoima Eino Leinon rakkausrunoja, 1980
  • Eino Leinon kuolemattomia runoja: valikoima, 1980 (ed. by Ahti Laine)
  • Eino Leinon suuri runokirja, 1982 (ed. by Marja Kapari)
  • Laulun lapsi: valikoima runoja, 1983 (ed. by Hannu Mäkelä)
  • Toisillemme: valikoima runoja, 1986 (ed. by Reetta Nieminen and Jorma Rakkolainen)
  • Sulle laulan, neiti kesäheinä: valikoima runoja, 1988 (ed. Saure Salme)
  • Eino Leino 1-4, 1989-90 (ed. by Maria-Liisa Nevala)
  • Sata kauneinta laulua: valikoima runoja, 1989 (ed. by Hannu Mäkelä)
  • Vapauden vartio: valikoima vuosilta 1915-1926, 1989 (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen)
  • Suomen kansan Kalevala ja suomalainen kansallishenki: isänmaanystävän mietteitä vuosilta 1895-1925, 1991 (ed. by Aarre M. Peltonen)
  • Yksi on laulu: valikoima runoja, 1993 (ed. by Hannu Mäkelä)
  • Rakkauden lauluja, 2000 (ed. by Hannu Mäkelä)
  • Laulun lapsi, 2002 (ed. by Hannu Mäkelä)
  • Laulaja tähtiä laulelee. Eino Leinon runoja, 2003 (ed. by Anne Helttunen and Annamari Saure)
  • Jumalien keinu: valikoima runoja, 2006 (ed. by Hannu Mäkelä)


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Creative Commons License
Authors' Calendar jonka tekijä on Petri Liukkonen on lisensoitu Creative Commons Nimeä-Epäkaupallinen-Ei muutettuja teoksia 1.0 Suomi (Finland) lisenssillä.
May be used for non-commercial purposes. The author must be mentioned. The text may not be altered in any way (e.g. by translation). Click on the logo above for information.